What type of cookware should you use? That question can be answered by comparing carbon steel vs aluminum. These two are the most common types, and they both have their pros and cons.
There is no one answer that will suit every cook; but there are key differences to consider before choosing a type of cookware for your next cooking project.
The following article will compare these two different types of metal, as well as provide tips on what to look for when purchasing cookware.
What is carbon steel?
Carbon steel is an alloy made of iron and carbon. The carbon content can range from 0.5% to 2%. The iron content is around 99%.
The low amount of carbon is used because the more carbon that’s used the more brittle the alloy becomes, so 0.5% to 2% is used because it gives the carbon steel high tensile strength, which means it can withstand pressure without bending or breaking.
In the past, carbon steel was used for making knives, swords and armor however it’s becoming popular in cookware because it is an excellent conductor of heat. This means it can be used on all cooking surfaces including induction stoves and food will get cooked evenly on the inside and out. It is perfect for searing and frying.
What is aluminum cookware?
Aluminum cookware is made from a soft, malleable metal (aluminum) that is an excellent conductor of heat.
Aluminum pans are usually coated with other materials (like Stainless Steel) to prevent them from corroding in the presence of acidic foods like tomatoes or lemons.
Aluminum cookware is often bought simply due to its low price point, and it’s also a great choice for anyone who does not like non-stick cookware due to health concerns.
What are the pros and cons of carbon steel cookware?
There are quite a few pros and cons of carbon steel cookware, let’s take a look at them all to see if this is the right cookware material for you.
- Carbon Steel is an excellent conductor of heat: This means that Carbon Steel is great for transferring heat from a stovetop to your food, making it durable and versatile.
- You can use your Carbon Steel Pan on both electric gas, or induction stoves without worrying about damaging the pan’s material: Carbon steel is also resistant to damage from fire, making it perfect for cooking on all types of stoves.
- You can cook just about anything in it: With its versatility and resistance to damage, Carbon steel is perfect for cooking any type of food you may want.
- It’s easy to season your pan with seasoning: carbon steel pans are also easy to season with different spices or herbs if you so desire
- Heats up quickly: Carbon steel cookware heats up quickly, which is great for faster cooking times.
- High heat tolerance: Carbon steel cookware can withstand high temperatures, making it perfect for grilling or cooking on the stovetop.
- Affordable price: The affordable price of carbon steel cookware makes it a good value for your money.
- Durable product: Made of 99% iron and 1% carbon, carbon steel cookware is durable and long-lasting.
- Easy to learn: Because carbon steel cookware involves more care than aluminum products, you may find it easier to learn how to use them once you get started.
- May contain chemicals: Some carbon steel cookware is made with chemicals such as nickel, chromium, and vanadium. These can be harmful to your health if the products are not properly maintained.
- Rust: Carbon steel cookware may rust if it is not properly seasoned or maintained.
What are the pros and cons of aluminum cookware?
When it comes to aluminum cookware, there are plenty of pros that come with it, however there are a few cons in comparison to carbon steel cookware.
- Aluminum is a lightweight and affordable choice: Aluminum cookware is affordable and lightweight, making it perfect for the kitchen.
- Aluminium pans are dishwasher safe: Pans are dishwasher safe, making them easy to clean.
- Aluminum cookware is a great conductor of heat which makes it efficient and convenient.
- It’s usually made with a non-stick coating, less oil is needed when cooking, and it’s easy to clean.
- Aluminum is a reactive metal: Aluminum cookware can react with certain foods and cause them to discolor or impart an unpleasant taste.
- Warping at high heat: Aluminum is thin and can warp if used on high heat.
- Aluminum cookware scratches easily: Aluminum pans are prone to scratching.
Considerations of Aluminum Cookware:
It’s not as durable as Carbon Steel but it’s still a good option for those looking for a lightweight cookware set that doesn’t require lots of oil or seasoning.
It burns food at high temperatures which makes it unsuitable for very high-heat cooking needs such as searing steaks on an open flame or making steak sauce in the oven
Which is better carbon steel or aluminized steel?
Overall carbon steel cookware is better than aluminum for cooking. Let’s take a look why:
- Carbon Steel is better for high-temperature cooking: Carbon steel pans can handle higher temperatures than aluminum, making them ideal for cooking at high temperatures.
- It’s more durable: Carbon steel is a bit more expensive upfront, but it will last longer than aluminum.
- You can use a variety of heat sources with carbon steel cookware: You can use carbon steel cookware with different types of heat sources, such as stovetop and ovens.
- Carbon steel is easy to care for and maintenance free: Proper maintenance will keep your carbon steel pan working well for years to come
Which is the best cookware material?
Carbon steel and aluminum cookware are two of the most popular materials for pots and pans. However, they’re not necessarily the best cookware material overall.
In our opinion, stainless steel is the best cookware material because it’s extremely durable, versatile and is exceptional when it comes to cooking performance.
However, stainless steel is incredibly expensive since it costs a lot to make, and thus is not a consideration for a lot of people.
Professional chefs tend to be the ones who go after materials like stainless steel, where as home cooks are better geared towards cookware that still has a lot of benefits but doesn’t break the bank such as carbon steel or aluminum cookware.
Why do professional chefs use aluminum pans?
Aluminum is a great conductor of heat. It heats up fast, and it cools down fast too. This makes aluminum cookware ideal for professional chefs because professional chefs have a very fast paced environment where they need to be cooking food as fast as possible.
So when it comes to recipes where speed is essential, aluminum cookware is the preferred option.
It’s good to note that professional chefs have a range of cookware materials for different recipes, they don’t just use aluminum cookware.